Spinnerbaits

Spinnerbait is composed of steel wire, small metal pieces, weighted lead, and rubber strips. Dragging in the water will make the bright pieces on the wire rotate rapidly, and the effect of one light and one dark will make the target fish mistake the lure for a school of small fish and attack.

There are many types of spinnerbait, such as single blades, double blades and multi blades. There are also several types of small metal blades: willow blade works well in clear water, slender, low water resistance, fast swinging in manipulating drag, good reflex effect. colorado blade has large surface area, generating high resistance, causing vibration, stimulating fish to side line, good in turbid water, deep and slow trolling. indiana blade is in between the first two.

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The Spinnerbait Guide

This guide is a detailed guide to Spinnerbaits, from blade selection to use.

A spinnerbait is a type of lure consisting of a bent wire with a fish head on one end and one or more spinner blades on the other. The jig usually has a rubber skirt to make it look like a baitfish. The paddle or paddles are attached by a swivel, which allows them to spin and flutter in the water, creating a vibration and noise to attract fish. In addition, the blades flicker in the water, also attracting bass.

When choosing a spinnerbait, consider the retrieve speed you want and the depth at which it moves. Different types of spinnerbaits have different numbers and types of blades. The shape and size of the blades affect vibration, retrieve speed and spoon depth.

Table of contents

Why Does The Spinnerbait Work?

Why would a fish want a piece of lead, jingling metal and unnatural-looking silicone that looks nothing like any natural prey? 

Movement is the key to the magic of the spinnerbait. A suspended spinnerbait simply hanging in the water column wouldn't do much to entice a fish to strike.

A spinnerbait in motion takes on a whole new visual and aural appearance than a stationary one. The spinning blades add to the profile of the spinnerbait. (Think of a ceiling fan, when the fan blades spin, it almost looks like a whole semi-transparent circle has formed on the ceiling instead of about 5 individual blades.)

In addition, the spinning blades vibrate the rest of the scoop; the wire arms, body and attached skirt move quickly, so those individual silicone strands don't appear as a bunch of elongated individual pieces, but as a whole semi-transparent body of colors and trim.

If you put the pieces together, what do you get? The leading theory is that the leaves, shiny and fluttering, resemble a baitfish being chased by a larger predatory fish, which is the expressed profile of the body and skirt.

What Types of Spinnerbait Are There?

To understand the types of Spinnerbaits, we must first understand that: What makes a Spinnerbait?  - Blades.

Spinnerbaits come with three different styles of blades: willow blades, Colorado blades and Indiana blades. These blades are different, which affects how they move through the water and how they disturb the water, so they have different vibrations.

Willow Blade

Willow paddles are narrow and longer, so they cut through the water more easily. They are the fastest moving and can also dive deeper because their thin design allows them to cut through the water. Willow blades spin fast, but they don't disturb the water as much as wider blades. They are best used when bass are close and actively chasing and biting.

Colorado Blade

Colorado blades are the roundest and slowest moving blades. Because they are wide and round, they cause more disturbance in the water and can attract bass from farther away. They are also the slowest moving due to the added friction from the large blade. In low visibility waters or when bass aren't biting, Colorado blades work well for triggering bites.

Indiana Blade

The Indiana blade falls between the shapes of the Willow and Colorado blades, sort of medium-sized oval. Therefore, it can move faster than the Colorado shovel but slower than the Willow, and it makes larger vibrations than the Willow but smaller than the Colorado. They operate at a more moderate speed.

What Is The Impact Of The Blades On Spinnerbaits?

The key feature of any spinnerbait is the paddles, or disc-shaped objects usually made of metal that rotate around a fixed point on the wire structure, or arm. When dragged and retrieved in the water, these paddles rotate around the lure, causing pressure waves (or strikes) and visual stimuli that entice fish to strike the lure. Since many spinnerbaits have more than one blade, many have a combination of these different blade styles to achieve different action, noise and depth. 

There are many more types of blade shapes and designs, such as serrated, wavy, chopper, fluted, royal, whiptail and thumper. Each offers unique aspects of sound and visual profile. Many anglers fabricate their own spinnerbaits or swap out accessories in pre-made purchases.

The rotation of the blades also creates a consistent source of altering light reflections, also known as flash. The texture and size of the paddles has the greatest influence on flash.

A honeycomb-textured paddle will reflect more light than a smooth paddle, as it has more surface area, as well as more opportunities for directed light to reflect in various directions, and is very effective when the light source is adequate and unobstructed, such as on a bright day in clear water.

How Is Spinnerbaits Used?

The most practical uses are casting and trolling, although jigging or yo-yoing are also advised. In any case, if the blades spin, you can fish, but there are better ways to use spinnerbaits than others. And actually, the straight retrieve is usually the best, to let the lure do the job it was designed to do.

One of the advantages of spinnerbaits is that they can be played at a wide range of depths. Slower retrieves will place the lure deeper in the water column. Many can be dropped to the bottom and played slowly through the benthos (this does not work well with dense plant growth on the bottom, as the blades and hooks become entangled). Quick retrieves keep the spinnerbait high in the water column and even slightly surfaced (waking, waterskiing, buzzing.).

Safety spinnerbaits with narrow blades (such as those on willow trees) are ideal for casting into macrophytes, or aquatic plants, such as cabbage and lily pads. The single-blade profile limits the hooking of plants, but in no case are they purely anti-algae lures. The truth is that it takes practice and experience to know how to determine a casting/retrieval plan when casting over dense weeds.

Seasons and Temperatures

During the late summer and early fall, many smaller salsa blades can be used to accommodate the season's smaller baitfish.

Smaller dip blades also help retrieve what the angler wants faster in warmer water. If the water is not very clear and has some turbidity, the Colorado/Willow model is the one to choose.

During the winter months, as the water cools, switch to a double Colorado or a Colorado Indiana, preferably silver, to imitate a minnow in distress, bass will love to strike against such a fish.

A general rule of thumb suggests that larger Colorado blades tend to help with dirty water or dark conditions, as the added "thump" will give the fish more vibrations to follow.